• Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Defensiveness
  • Mood swings, irritability
  • Hard to focus
  • Memory problems
  • Reduced self-esteem and feeling hopeless
  • Dependence on alcohol in order to function on a daily basis
  • Being in denial about the extent of alcohol consumption
  • Dishonest or irresponsible behaviour
  • Drinking alone, also to the point of passing out
  • Drinking at inappropriate times (for example, in the morning)
  • Avoiding contact with friends and loved ones
  • Diminished self-esteem
  • Poor performance at work and home
  • Prioritising alcohol over other activities that were once important